Photo: Legion-media, REX / fotodom.ru, Personastars.com
See also: Star children who are raised by fathers
The daughter of Vladimir Mashkova Maria brings up two daughters — Stephanie, who was 9 years old in June, and 7-year-old Alexander. The actress has published their new joint portrait, which caused a storm of emotions in her subscribers.
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Fanya, the oldest, says that now selfies are done exclusively with such facial expressions.
The fans were surprised at the unusual color of the eyes of mothers and daughters, and also noted their striking similarities. “What blue-eyed ones!”, “Three Siamese kitties!”, “Bottomless eyes!”, “Three of the casket are the same from the face”, “That's the way a combo”, “Mother's daughters! Pretty women! ”,“ Eyes! And lips … "," Three cornflowers "," Turquoise eyes "- discuss in the comments.
34-year-old Maria is the daughter of actor Vladimir Mashkov and his first wife and colleague Elena Shevchenko. In total, Mashkov was married four times, but he does not have any other spouses of children. Elena in the second marriage gave birth to two sons — Nikita and Vsevolod.
See also: "Genes do not decide everything." What is not able to change heredity.
48-year-old Lera Kudryavtseva, who is now resting in Miami with her husband Igor Makarov and daughter Masha, shared a touching family photo. The TV star, who prefers to hide Masha from the public, made an exception and showed her grown-up daughter, however, having closed her face with smiles.
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The touching post of Lera was appreciated by its subscribers and colleagues: Inna Malikova, Denis Klyaver, Ekaterina Andreeva. “What are you cool!”, “Happiness to your family!”, “Children grow up so quickly. Lera, enjoy these wonderful moments! ”- users of the network are touched.
However, some netizens criticized the presenter for the fact that she continues to hide Masha, although her husband recently showed her daughter's face. “What are you all putting on your children’s faces ?! The royals (Kate and Megan) immediately show how they gave birth, they are not afraid. And then some obscurantism! ”,“ Lera seems to be a modern lady, and a photo of a child with a smiley face ”.
Recall that the second time, Lera’s mother became in the middle of August 2018. Many netizens considered that the TV presenter did not give birth to her daughter Masha, having resorted to the services of a surrogate mother, to which Lera replied that she was very hurt by such speculation. For Kudryavtseva’s husband, hockey player Igor Makarov, the child became the first, and the leader also has an adult son, Jean, who in early August 2018 himself became the first father. The son of a TV star gave birth in a marriage with a musician of the group “Tender May” Sergey Lenyuk.
See also: Stars who became mothers after 40 years.
In 2019, the World Health Organization recognized the question of vaccination of one of 10 global threats to humanity. Opponents of vaccinations are very active in the network — they create chat rooms, blogs and groups in social networks, promote their ideas on popular parent sites. AIF correspondent. ru a month was in the anti-vaccine chat and groups, gathered the most popular arguments there and asked the expert what was true of it.
Biologist, author of the popular vaccination blog Instagram.com/ninavaccina Antonina Oblasova commented on AiF. ru popular myths about vaccinations.
If you look at the statistics, we see that the vaccinated are much more than the unvaccinated.
Take a simple example. 1000 people study at school, 95% of them (950 people) are vaccinated against measles, and 5% are not (50 people).
We know that the effectiveness of the vaccine is not 100%. About 2–5% of those vaccinated do not respond to the vaccine properly. It turns out that they are vaccinated, but do not have immunity and are susceptible to infection. Take the worst case 95 × 0.05 = 48 susceptible people among those vaccinated.
There is a flash at school. Who is sick?
Most likely, everyone who has no immunity will fall ill. And it turns out that both the vaccinated and the unvaccinated suffer “equally” in the number of people.
However, as a percentage, 5% of the vaccinated and 100% of the unvaccinated will suffer. This is a very rough calculation, since there will be children vaccinated with only one dose, there will be children with purchased certificates that are vaccinated according to the documents, but in fact there will be children with different concentrations of antibodies in the blood.
It is important to understand that if an infection is caught by a person who does not have specific immunity to this pathogen, then it is like weed seeds that fell into black soil. They germinate quickly and begin to multiply, filling all around. Faced with such an abundant source, even those who have developed immunity for a vaccine will be able to get sick — just the amount of antibodies turned out to be small enough to cope with the infectious load.
Vaccinated and unvaccinated, equally in contact with such a source, will have completely different course of the disease. In the vaccinated part of the infectious dose of the virus will be neutralized by existing antibodies and plants for the production of new antibodies will quickly start operating. And the unvaccinated will receive a full dose, and while his immune system becomes rickety, he will have time to learn all the delights of the disease.
Vaccines are victims of their own effectiveness. In a world where the majority are vaccinated, it seems that the risk of encountering an infection is very low. But we forget that vaccination coverage and the likelihood of meeting an infection are dependent values! If coverage falls to a threshold, then the risk of meeting the infection will immediately increase. In addition, we travel a lot, and people from other countries come to our country.
Tetanus and in the city can be infected. Here, too, there is soil, and so on. Imported, cars that bring soil on the wheels from the countryside. Losing vigilance can cause serious consequences that are easily prevented by timely vaccination.
Hygiene and sanitation are factors that influence “dirty hand diseases” — intestinal infections like cholera. Here their role is unconditional!
Most infections in the national calendar are anthroponoses. These are infections that are transmitted from person to person. In measles and diphtheria, airborne transmission is the same as in most other vaccine calendar infections. This means that the role of hygiene in their distribution is small. Of course, it is better to wash hands and face during the flu season after the metro, this will reduce the risk of getting sick, but it will not prevent infection if someone sneezes next to you and you breathe in the infection.
There are still transmissible infections — vectors are blood-sucking arthropods. For example, typhus and plague. Did you know that there is a vaccine for these infections? And she is! But make it to those who are relevant.
Vaccination, hygiene and isolation of patients (quarantine) is a set of measures to contain diseases, but hygiene alone is not sufficient to eradicate anthroponotic infections.
In developed countries, where hygiene is good, vaccination against intestinal infections is not included in the national calendar. But if you are traveling to a country where such diseases are common, then you should protect yourself.
Vaccinations for light diseases, comparable in severity to the common cold, do not, as they are not dangerous. But the disease with a decent mortality rate and complications from which there is no treatment — candidates for the development of a vaccine.
About 1 in 1,000 measles cases die. According to the latest WHO measles situation report, the death rate was 0.89 per 1000 cases.
When measles is possible complications associated with the work of the central nervous system, respiratory system and gastrointestinal tract. Among them: laryngitis, croup (laryngeal stenosis), tracheobronchitis, otitis media, primary measles pneumonia, secondary bacterial pneumonia, acute measles encephalitis, hepatitis, lymphadenitis, mesenteric lymphadenitis. A rather rare complication (5−10 cases per 1 000 000) — subacute sclerosing panencephalitis — may occur with a delay of up to 27 years after suffering the disease. It is characterized by progressive deterioration of the intellect, convulsions and death.
Measles does not strengthen the immune system.
On the contrary, there is such a thing as "the paradox of measles" — is to suppress the immunity of the sick (because measles affects the cells of the immune system).
This increases the likelihood of the accession of secondary bacterial infections and complications, causes temporary immunodeficiency. Moreover, it leads to “immune amnesia” — loss of immunity to previously suffered diseases and vaccinations!
Post-vaccination immunity is weaker than post-infection, but with vaccination, it is possible to achieve an immune response sufficient to prevent infection, such as, for example, measles and chickenpox, or to reduce the number of severe and fatal forms, as is the case with vaccination against tuberculosis.
A story about the measles virus, supposedly curing cancer, like many other myths, is the result of misunderstood information. Scientists are developing a special method of treating certain types of cancer based on a genetically modified measles vaccine virus. It's not about wild measles, not about the disease. And about an experimental method of treatment. But opponents of vaccination omit important details, distort the meaning and wishful thinking.
The task of Rospotrebnadzor is not to clean up the epidemic, but to do everything to prevent it. By responding in a timely manner, possible consequences can be prevented. So while we have “the threat of an epidemic” and the corresponding measures — orders have been issued about “mop-up vaccination”, unvaccinated for measles in regions with poor epidemics. access to educational institutions is limited.
The child after birth is not immune to infectious diseases. He has only an immune system — a plant for the production of immunity. Take the same measles. 9 out of 10 people who came into contact with measles will also get sick. 90%! Do we have that, 90% of people have problems with immunity? No, it's just such a disease. Good health is great, but vaccination is an ally of a healthy lifestyle.
The child’s immune system becomes familiar with information about infections that are dangerous to the baby in safe, controlled conditions, and trains. And when he meets a real infection, he immediately knows what to do.
Any opponent of vaccination will tell you that "the vaccinated are sick too." Returning to the answer to question No. 1, we can recall that not everyone who is vaccinated forms immunity. Depending on the effectiveness of the vaccine, 2–5% (sometimes more) are vaccinated, but not immune. This is inevitable, which does not affect the situation if almost everyone is vaccinated.
And then there are those who cannot be vaccinated (by age, state of health, etc.). They also have no immunity. They are vulnerable. But if the non-immune stratum begins to grow at the expense of those who refuse for no reason, then more targets appear in the community for infection.
A person without immunity to infection is a fertile soil for its reproduction, the formation of its new source and its rapid spread.
As a result, those who do not have immunity for an objective reason are at risk.
This is how collective immunity works.
The film was produced by the channel Autism Media.
The director of the film is Andrew Wakefield, a very famous character who became the father of the myth of the relationship of vaccination and autism.
The Wakefield study (1998), which served as the basis for this misconception, was withdrawn in 2010, and the author was removed from the medical register in the United Kingdom the same year because of ethical violations related to his unfair research and personal financial interest.
The premiere of the film was to be held in 2016 at the Tribeca Film Festival, but it was the subject of public protest and widespread criticism.
Actor Robert De Niro, who was one of the founders of the festival, initially defended the decision to show the film. He wrote on Facebook that the film was “very personal” for him, since he has a child with autism, and that the film can start a dialogue about the problem. But shortly before the show, De Niro announced that the film would not be shown. According to him, consultations with other representatives of the film festival and representatives of the scientific community led him to the conclusion that the film would not contribute to the discussion that the actor had hoped for.
Total — another bike with bits of truth, turned inside out.
All studies on the use of vitamin C in whooping cough were carried out before 1953, and, despite the fact that a great amount of research is now being conducted on the use of vitamin C in various pathologies, most of them are with negative results.
No new data on the use of vitamin C in whooping cough over the past 60 years has not been published.
The risk of using those vitamin C dosages offered by alternative medicine for the treatment of whooping cough (including those forms of vitamin C that they offer) may significantly exceed the intended benefits of its use.
The disease itself is extremely unpleasant. It is hard to imagine parents who will be able to easily observe a very strong cough with emetic urging from their child, which also lasts about 100 days.
In modern guidelines for the treatment of pertussis, treatment with vitamin C does not appear, so vaccination is the only way to protect against this disease. Preventing is always better than curing.
Chickenpox vaccinations are very effective. Vaccinated with a single dose have about 15-20% of the probability of the so-called "breakthrough infection" in the form of a disease with mild symptoms (less than 50 rashes). Vaccinated twice — less than 2%. The course of a full-fledged illness can be very difficult and unforeseen.
Another argument in favor of vaccination is that the varicella-zoster virus after an illness persists in the body for life and can make itself felt in the future in the form of shingles, an extremely unpleasant disease. Vaccination eliminates the carriage of wild virus.
We can say that if vaccination is not available to you, then it is better to have chickenpox at the age of 2−5 years. But if vaccination is available and you can not get sick, then it is better not to get sick.
After an illness (and after vaccination) a person forms an immunity. For most infections, it can be measured by determining the concentration of antibodies to this infection of the infected / vaccinated blood. These are class G immunoglobulins (IgG).
Mom intrauterinely transfers her so-called transplacental antibodies to her baby. This is a passive immunity that gradually fades away.
Antibodies to whooping cough by 3 months of life are no longer determined, and chickenpox and measles antibodies will live a little longer, from 6 to 9 months. Therefore, during breastfeeding, the baby can actually be protected by maternal immunity, but not because of mother's milk. Alas, a person practically does not penetrate IgG antibodies into milk, and a child does not have receptors for them in the digestive tract so that they can get from the digestive tract into its bloodstream!
In milk, the concentration of antibodies of another class, IgA, is quite high. This is "mucosal immunity." If (God forbid) mom runs into sick chickenpox during HB, the virus inhales and it contacts with the mucous membranes of the mucous membranes (nose, mouth, eyes …), then these “border guards” will start producing IgA that will pass into breast milk . With milk, the child will receive an "antidote" that will neutralize the chickenpox virus in his gastrointestinal tract. But this is not 100% protection, but only help, support, and not a replacement for vaccination.
The question of vaccine composition is one of the hottest. He is demonized, giving out incredible generalizations. The main thing to understand is that all vaccines have a different composition.
The same mercury, more specifically, organic mercury antiseptic (merthiolate), is now practically not used. And not because it is dangerous, but because people are so afraid of mercury that they have to make concessions to society in order to maintain a sufficient level of coverage.
Among the Russian childhood vaccines, merthiolate is found only in vaccines for pertussis, diphtheria and tetanus (complex and monovaccines); all other childhood vaccines do not contain it. But if you listen to activists, it seems that every dose of vaccine in a tablespoon of pure mercury.
Aluminum, more specifically, hydroxide and / or aluminum phosphate is a more common ingredient.
It is contained in the hepatitis B vaccine, whooping cough / diphtheria / tetanus and pneumococcal vaccine. This substance attracts the attention of the immune system at the injection site, increasing the effectiveness of vaccination. Without it, many vaccinations would be useless.
I would also like to say that aluminum is a light metal, not a heavy one. And in the form in which it is part of the vaccine, has a very low level of bioavailability. It is gradually metabolized and excreted from the body.
Vaccines contain antigens, preservatives, adjuvants, but not alien tissue.
Cell cultures of humans, mammals, and yeast cells are used for the production of a number of vaccines.
These cells are the substrate for growing the “active substance” of the vaccine. And as soon as they have completed their function, they are removed, proceeding to further purification of the solution from impurities.
The final product can contain only trace (non-determined by the methods of detection) concentrations of individual fragments of producer molecules. They are small and not immunogenic. It is like making beer. Yeast is a producer, which is removed with the help of sterilizing filtration, and they are not in the final product (if the beer is filtered, of course).
About the rejection reaction, to be honest, is not very clear. It sounds smart, but it doesn't make sense. Rejection of what? There is organ rejection after transplantation. Or if a person is transfused with unsuitable blood.
The autoimmune process means the immune response of the immune system against its own organism, and if the protein is foreign, then it is no longer an autoimmune process.
If intramuscularly with a vaccine enters the body a pair of "alien" molecules, they will simply be "eaten" by cells of the immune system, which does not affect the state of the vaccinated.
Вообще, многие вакцины имитируют естественный путь попадания патогена в организм.
Например, пероральная вакцина против полиомиелита принимается внутрь, чтобы стимулировать выработку антител в слизистой оболочке кишечника, поскольку именно здесь полиовирус размножается после попадания в организм с инфицированной пищей и водой. Оральная вакцина против холеры стимулирует локальную выработку а) нейтрализующих антител на слизистой кишечника, которые препятствуют прикреплению бактерий Vibrio cholerae к стенке кишечника, и б) антитела, предотвращающие связывание токсинов бактерий со слизистой оболочкой кишечника.
Интраназальное введение вакцин преследует ту же цель, но в слизистой оболочке полости носа.
Но остальные вакцины вводятся другими путями (внутрикожно, подкожно, внутримышечно) и этому тоже есть причина!
При первом контакте с диким вирусом, передающимся воздушно-капельным путем, частицы вируса вначале попадают на слизистую, где постепенно запускается работа локального иммунитета. Но, так как организм еще не знаком с этой инфекцией, он реагирует не сразу, и вирус успевает проникнуть во внутреннюю среду организма — в кровь и ткани.
Когда мы делаем прививку в виде инъекции, то мы пропускаем первый этап, моделируя экстренную ситуацию, когда «естественные барьеры организма» нарушены.
Такое введение помогает вакцинации быть максимально эффективной и минимизировать вероятность того, что она окажет неблагоприятное воздействие на организм.
Таким образом, важность прохождения всех барьеров организма преувеличена, так как мы «проводим учения» по худшему сценарию (worst case). И запускаем мы тем самым адаптивный иммунитет, точно такой же, какой будет запущен при контакте с диким вирусом, если тот прорвет оборону.
Вакцины никогда не вводят «прямо в кровь». Внутривенное введение запрещено. Это важно.
Инфекции обучают иммунную систему.
Как школьник, пришедший в первый класс, может видеть слова, но не может их прочесть, так и иммунная система «учится читать», встречаясь с различными патогенами.
В случае вакцинации мы проводим обучение в безопасных условиях. Мы же не пускаем новичка-канатоходца сразу под купол цирка. Вначале он тренируется держать равновесие в полуметре от земли с мягким матом для страховки.
Есть легкие болезни, а есть тяжелые. Нет никакого смысла вакцинировать от обычной ОРВИ, которая проходит за 7 дней.
Вакцинируют от тех заболеваний, которые тяжело протекают, имеют высокий риск осложнений, могут приводить к определенным последствиям.
Мы не надеваем наколенники и шлем своим детям, когда они просто идут по улице. Но если ребенок катается на роликах/коньках/гироскутере, мы понимаем риски падений и надеваем защитные средства. С инфекциями то же самое. Легкие инфекции действительно не представляют опасности и могут быть своеобразной тренировкой для иммунной системы. А вот тяжелые требуют «шлема и наколенников» — вакцинации в качестве защиты. Конечно, шлем и наколенники 100% гарантии не дадут, но очень значимо снизят риски травм (осложнений).
Болезни — это естественно и очень полезно для популяции, так как они истребляют слабых. Но редко кого из родителей интересует «здоровье нации». Его волнует здоровье его конкретного ребенка, и в данном случае вакцинация — более безопасная альтернатива.
Мифы о вреде вакцинации, распространяемые в сети — важная, но далеко не единственная проблема. «Другой неприятной проблемой является уровень квалификации медицинского персонала, который благодаря своему незнанию и неспособности ответить даже на многие простые вопросы зарождает в родителях сомнения относительно эффективности и безопасности вакцинации», — считает Обласова.
Антонина и ее коллега, автор другого пропрививочного блога «О прививках без истерик», Елена Савинова, планируют создать некоммерческую организацию, которая будет заниматься повышением грамотности как населения, так и медперсонала в вопросах вакцинопрофилактики — по их мнению, без должного внимания к этому вопросу ситуация может усугубиться.
Читайте также: Владимир Таточенко: «Мамы зря опасаются комбинированных вакцин»
© Vyacheslav Pales / Photobank Lori
In the Perm gymnasium № 4 set a different passing score for girls and boys. Parents of students said that the passing score for girls was 69.1, and for boys — 65.7.
In the list of enrolled students, only six boys had higher scores than the passing score for girls. Obviously, the score for boys was lowered specifically to maintain gender balance in the class, reports 59.ru.
About 20 girls would have passed the competition if the score for them had not been overestimated. Parents outraged such an approach. According to them, it turns out that female students do not go to school just because they are not boys.
In the gymnasium, it was explained that in the preparatory school, on the basis of the results of studies in which children enter the gymnasium, 92 girls and 67 boys were enrolled, and in classes of children of different sexes should be approximately equally divided. The director of the gymnasium, Tatyana Dyakova, noted that, as a rule, girls are more diligent, but then the boys then become leaders and rule the country.
The Commissioner for Children's Rights in the Perm Territory, Svetlana Denisova, called the situation strange and invited the parents of first-graders to apply with an official statement to the Ombudsman’s Office.
See also: 10 signs that you are raising a gifted child.
Igor Nikolaev wished his subscribers good morning by publishing a tender photo with his daughter Veronika.
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Fans of the artist immediately began to argue who the 3-year-old girl looks more like. Most believe that Veronika is growing as a copy of her father, and some have seen the features of Nikolayev’s mother, Svetlana Mitrofanovna. “How does Veronichka look like her grandmother!”, “Daddy's copy”, “Daddy's daughter”, “Daughter pleases! Daddy is just getting younger from happiness ”,“ Daddy's daughter. It looks like "," Cherry. One face "," What a beautiful baby! Daddy's daughter ", — the singer's subscribers follow the photo.
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Igor Nikolaev with his mother and daughter
We will remind that Veronika — the only common child of Nikolaev and his wife Yulia Proskuryakova — was born in October, 2015. From his first marriage, Igor also has an adult daughter, Julia.
See also: Why do children not always look like parents?
Rezo Gigineishvili, despite parting with Nadezhda Mikhalkova, tries to see children as often as possible. On May 21, Nina and Ivan celebrated their birthdays (the daughter of the couple turned 8 years old, and her son — 6). The children of the actress and director were born on the same day with a difference of two years.
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Rezo published several family photographs, and also dedicated a message to the children, which touched network users.
Adults always make it very difficult for a child to be completely understandable. My kittens, you are my example and my teachers, you teach me how to sincerely enjoy life, be brave, free and have a great need to love! Happy Birthday!
Recall Mikhalkov and Gigineishvili were married from 2010 to 2017, they have two children in common. From 2005 to 2009, Gigineishvili was also married to Anastasia Kochetkova, from a marriage with whom the director has a daughter, Maria.
See also: Fathers of large families who have left families.
St. Petersburg police are looking for the parents of a 7-month-old child left unattended. The boy was found on May 21 by local residents in one of the houses of Krasnoe Selo (a city in St. Petersburg).
Grudnichka transferred to doctors. About his condition is not reported. Law enforcement officers have already established the boy's parents.
A criminal case has been initiated into the incident under the article “Leaving in danger”, the TV channel “78” reports with reference to the Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs for St. Petersburg and Leningrad Region.
Earlier in Moscow, a woman in a medical mask on her face brought a two-year-old girl to one of the city outpatient clinics and left there. Noticing the child without adult supervision, the staff of the facility called the police. Later, the mother of the child was found, she confessed at the interrogation that she could not cope with parental duties. The woman was released from the courtroom without charge.
See also: Maternal burnout. True or myth?
In the US city of Boston, Massachusetts, 14 nurses of the oncology department of the hospital immediately became pregnant. About this, representatives of Massachusetts General Hospital reported in the official Twitter-account.
Whoa Mamas! The lunder 10 #oncology Family at the Massachusetts General Hospital is 14 #pregnant nurses on the floor, one of whom is expecting twins. These #nurse mamas, and the Cancer Center, have 15 new reasons to smile! pic.twitter.com/c1U7P9vWFI
— MGH Cancer Center (@MGHCancerCenter) May 21, 2019
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In a photo posted on Tuesday, 14 women in uniform stand in a semicircle and, smiling, hold their bellies. The caption to the photo reads:
Mommies! The family of the oncology department is growing. Immediately 14 pregnant nurses, one of whom expects twins. These employees give you 15 reasons to smile.
Earlier it was reported that in the American city of Peabody, 8 nurses became pregnant at the same time, and in Portland, 9 employees immediately announced that they would soon become mothers. In addition, at the Oak Street Elementary School elementary school, located in Goddard, Kansas, 7 teachers went on maternity leave.
See also: Unpleasant surprises, which are not warned women in labor.
Two boys and four girls were born on Monday, May 20, by caesarean section at 29 weeks gestation at the University Hospital Krakow. And one girl was a surprise: she was not seen during the ultrasound, so both the medical staff and parents waited for the birth of their five-year-olds, according to huffpost.com.
“Just imagine: since early Monday morning we were preparing for the appearance of five babies, five teams of doctors and nurses were ready in the operating room to immediately take care of five newborns. They appeared one after another until all five incubators for the premature were busy. And suddenly it turned out that there was someone else waiting for their turn, ”said Ryszard Lauterbach, head of the clinical neonatology department, at a press conference held on May 21.
The “surprise” sixth baby was lucky: according to Lauterbach, while the incubator was urgently prepared for her, she was lying on her mother's breast.
The director of the clinic, Marcin Yedrikhovski, called the operation carried out by the mother of gears, 29-year-old Claudia Marcek, “extremely difficult,” reports foxnews.com. It was attended by 40 doctors and other members of the medical staff.
The weight of babies at birth ranged from 890 grams to 1300 grams. According to the doctors, they were all born surprisingly in good condition for such a multiple pregnancy. The gears can breathe on their own, but still their respiratory, digestive and central nervous systems are still very immature, so most likely, the kids will spend the next two and a half to three months in the hospital.
Claudia’s mother’s gear condition also improved after giving birth, and she was even able to get out of bed and visit the babies in the nursing ward, said the doctors at a press conference.
The newborns have already received names: the boys were named Philip and Timon, and the girls — Zofya, Kaya, Nela and Malvina.
Claudia and her husband Shimon have an older child, son Oliver, who is two and a half years old.
This is the first recorded case of the birth of gears in Poland. Conception in Claudia came naturally, without using any assisted reproductive technologies. As representatives of the clinic explained at a press conference, the probability of spontaneous pregnancy with gears is one case per 4.7 billion pregnancies.
See also: The birth of fives was a surprise for their dad